We already know the saying “better safe than sorry”. Therefore, it is better to be careful with the arrival of spring and those pests that can accompany it and harm our plants and crops.
The arrival of heat causes some parasites to proliferate and settle comfortably on the plants, hindering their growth or causing them damage that can sometimes be irreparable.
Some of these pests are led by aphids, caterpillars, worms or cochineals that, despite their special interest in damaging our plants, we can take certain measures to help us fight and eliminate them.
What can we do to prevent pests?
The first thing to do is to prevent them from appearing or, at least, to make their appearance more difficult.
To do this, it is important to maintain optimal hygienic conditions. Attention to plants and crops must not be neglected. Make sure that no food or rubbish remains near the plants and try to seal off those points where certain insects, rodents or other unwelcome beings have easier access.
You can also use natural repellents that you can make yourself or buy from specialised garden centres.
For example, a very practical, effective and commonly used home remedy for aphid infestation is coriander. It is an herb that, in addition to being used as a culinary condiment, is also an effective repellent. You can boil coriander in water and put its infusion in a sprayer. It becomes a very useful ecological insecticide.
Other products that can also be effective repellents, using the same technique to make it into a spray are wormwood and elder leaves. Sprinkle the leaves with this pesticide and you will scare off such unpleasant visitors as aphids, mealybugs, fungi or worms.
Watch and stir
You have to become a vigilant watcher. The threat is not only in the most visible parts of the plant. Spraying the leaves can be a very effective preventive measure, but it is also recommended that you inspect the soil.
Preventing pestsSome of the most common pests take advantage of the winter season to germinate in the soil and make their stellar appearance in spring.
Therefore, you can take advantage of this month to make some transplants, remove the soil and change the crops in place. Thus, in addition to spoiling the hiding place of these pests, you can also promote the growth of your crop by enhancing the nutrients in the soil.
There are also plants that are natural repellents of certain insects. So it can also be a good idea to include one of these plants near your crops.
Lavender, for example, is a beautiful plant that not only decorates but also repels flies and mosquitoes.